|TNPSC Botany Degree Syllabus|
Tamil Nadu PSC Botany Degree Syllabus, TN PSC Botany Degree Syllabus, TN PSC Botany Syllabus, Tamil Nadu Botany Degree Syllabus, Tamil Nadu Botany Syllabus, Tamil nadu Public Service Commission, Tamil nadu Public Service Commission Botany Degree Syllabus
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Here we are providing the syllabus of Botany Degree :
Phycology, Mycology & Lichenology
Phycology - Fritsch's classification of Algae - pigmentation - Thallus organization - Life - cycles pattern
of Algae - Evolutionary trends in the Sexulity of algae - Economic importance - Algea as food, feed
fodder, fetilizer and medicines - phytoplankton and their role.
Mycology - classification of fungi by Alexopoulos - structure, reproduction and economic importance of
phycomycetes, Ascomyates, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromyates.
Lichenology - structure, reproduction and economic importance of lichens.
Bryology and Pteridology
Byrophytes - general characteristics, structure; reproduction and alternation of generations.
Pteridophytes - general characteristics - Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Spenopsida and Pteropsida - Stelar
organisation - origin of heterospory and seed habit.
Gymnosperms and Paleobotany
A comparative account of vegetative and reproductive structure of Cycadales, Conifierales and
Gnetales - Structure of wood in Gymnosperm - Economic importance of Gymnosperm - Paleo Botany
Geological Time Scale - Fossilization methods - Fossil types.
Angiosperm Morphology, Taxonomy and Economic Botany
Root and Stem modification in relation to habitat. Infloresence: Raceme, Cyme and special types
Pollination - contrivances for cross pollination.
Taxonomy - Angiosperm Classification - Bentham and Hooker's system - International code of
Botanical Nomenclature (outline).
Family characteristics and economic importance of the following:-
Economic Botany of plants yielding wood timber fibre, Oil and medicines.
Anatomy and Embryology
Anatomy:- Meristems and its types. Permanent tissues simple and complex tissues - normal and abnormal secondary thickening
Embryology:- Micro sporogenesis, Megasporogenesis - types of embryo sacs (Mono-bi-and
tetrasparic). Double fertilization and Triple fusion, Types of endosperm - Embrys development in
Dicots and Monocots. Apomixis and Polyembryony Culture techniques - anther and embryo.
General Microbiology and Plant Pathology
Morphology, reproduction and economic importance of Bacteria. Viruses - Bacteriephages,
cyanophages, Mycophages. Their general structure and multiplication. Mycoplagma - structure.
Fermentation and antibiotic production.
Plant Pathology:- Name of the causative organism, etiology and control measures of the following
1) Paddy Blast
2) Cotton wilt
3) Citrus canker
4) Powdery mildew
5) Red rot of sugarcane
6) Little leaf of Brinjal
7) Bunchy Top of Banana
8) Early and late Blights of Potato
9) Rust and smut diseases.
Physiology, Biochemistry and Biophysics
Physiology:- Water relations of plants - absorption and tanslocation of water and minerals - mineral
nutrition - Photosynthesis, Photochemical reactions and carbon fixation pathways - Respiratory
metabolism - aerobic and anearobis. Enzymes - Role as biocatalysts - Nitrogen Metabolism - Nitrogen
cycle - Nitrogen fixation - Nitrate reduction. Plant growth substances chemical nature and
physiological functions of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene and abscissic acid.
Biochemistry and Biophysics
Biopolymers:- A brief account of Carbohydrates, lipids,Proteins and nucleic acids and their monomers.
An elementary account of thermodynamic - defination of energy - structure and role of ATP.
Cytology, Genetics and Evolution
Cytology:- Organization of procaryotic and enkaryotic cells. Cell organells - structure and function.
Chromosomes - morphology structure and role. Cell division - Mitosis and Meiosis.
Genetics:- Medelism - Interaction of factors - linkage and crossing over, multiple, alleles, mutation,
structure replication and role of nucleic acids.
Evolution:- Origin of life: Theories of evolution Darwin - Lamarck and de Vries.
Ecology, Environment and Conservation Biology
Ecology:- Ecosystem concept - plant communities - Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Mangroves. Plant
sucession primary and secondary - climax formation.
Environment:- Pollution of water, air and land, Garbage disposal, Environmental Protection Agencies,
Pollution monitoring and control.Conservation Biology:- Conservation and sustainable development/ Productivity of Soil, forests and
Horticulture and Plant breeding
Horticulture:- Importance and scope of Horticulture Classification of horticultural plants - fruits,
vegetables and ornamentals.
Garden design and types:- Rockery, Bonsal, Kitchen garden, Lawn making, Floriculture. Cultivation of
Commercial Flowers - Jasmine - plant propagation methods - cutting, grafting, layening (Rose)
budding, stock - scion relations, in Mango,
Plant Breeding:- Hybridization techniques Plant breeding methods employed in the following:-
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